Use of reclaimed water in industrial cooling systems. Guidelines for cost analysis
13.060.25 - Water for industrial use
This document provides guidelines for cost analysis of the use
of reclaimed water in industrial cooling systems.
This document is intended for new-built industrial cooling
systems using reclaimed water as make-up water, in which the
reclaimed water originates from industrial wastewater and is
generated through wastewater treatment systems for reuse. The
source of industrial wastewater is from all the production plants
inside the enterprise.
In this document, the levelized cost of cooling water (LCOCW) is
used to compare and determine which industrial cooling system is
more expensive per-kilowatt-hour heat removed.
Use of reclaimed water will have a direct impact on the
operating cost of cooling systems and the environment. External
benefits, including positive externalities and negative
externalities, are provided in Annex A, which considers environmental,
social and financial elements.
This document is intended for all types of stakeholders involved
in reclaimed water use in new-built industrial cooling systems.
This document aims to ensure consistency within any organization
engaged in reclaimed water reuse.
This document provides a broad framework within which costs for
new-built industrial cooling systems using reclaimed water can be
assessed. The currency used is local currency (LCY).
Nota: Precios sin IVA ni gastos de envío
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