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Normas ASTM – AENOR
ASTM E274/E274M-15(2020)

ASTM E274/E274M-15(2020)

Standard Test Method for Skid Resistance of Paved Surfaces Using a Full-Scale Tire

Fecha:
2020-06-05 /Active
Abstract:

This test method establishes the standard procedure for measuring the skid resistance of paved surfaces by the use of a specified full-scale automotive tire. This test method utilizes a measurement representing the steady-state friction force on a locked test wheel as it is dragged over a wetted pavement surface under constant load and at a constant speed while its major plane is parallel to its direction of motion and perpendicular to the pavement. The values measured represent the frictional properties obtained with the equipment and procedures stated herein. These values are intended for use in evaluating the skid resistance of a pavement relative to that of other pavements or for evaluating changes in the skid resistance of a pavement with the passage of time. They are, however, insufficient to determine the distance required to stop a vehicle on either a wet or a dry pavement. They are also insufficient for determining the speed at which control of a vehicle would be lost, because peak and side force friction are also required for these determinations. The apparatuses required for this method are a vehicle with suitable test wheels (including tire and rim) and braking system, wheel load, force-measuring transducer, torque-measuring transducer, vehicle speed-measuring transducer, signal conditioning and recorder system, and pavement wetting system.

Scope:

1.1 This test method covers the measurement of skid resistance of paved surfaces with a specified full-scale automotive tire.

1.2 This test method utilizes a measurement representing the steady-state friction force on a locked test wheel as it is dragged over a wetted pavement surface under constant load and at a constant speed while its major plane is parallel to its direction of motion and perpendicular to the pavement.

1.3 The values measured represent the frictional properties obtained with the equipment and procedures stated herein and do not necessarily agree or correlate directly with those obtained by other pavement friction measuring methods. The values are intended for use in evaluating the skid resistance of a pavement relative to that of other pavements or for evaluating changes in the skid resistance of a pavement with the passage of time. The values are insufficient to determine the distance required to stop a vehicle on either a wet or a dry pavement. They are also insufficient for determining the speed at which control of a vehicle would be lost, because peak and side force friction are also required for these determinations.

1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific safety precautions, see Section 5.

1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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