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ASTM D7194-19

ASTM D7194-19

Standard Specification for Aerospace Parts Machined from Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE)

2019-09-17 /Active

This specification establishes the requirements for parts intended for aerospace use and machined from polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE) homopolymers. This specification, however, does not cover parts machined from PCTFE copolymer, PCTFE film or tape, or modified PCTFE. Material covered by this specification is on four types, differentiated based on intended uses and exposures: Types I (high service pressure) and II (low service pressure) for use in air and oxygen media, Type II for use in inert and reactive media, and Type IV for use in other media. The parts shall be manufactured from virgin, unplasticized, pure PCTFE homopolymer, and the use of recycled polymer or regrind shall be prohibited. The base material shall be free of defects and contaminants. The finished parts shall be white or gray in color with a natural translucent appearance, and shall be free of voids, scratches, fissures, inclusions, or entrapped air bubbles. Tests for specific gravity, melting point, tensile strength and elongation, deformation under load, zero strength time, mechanical impact (in ambient liquid oxygen and pressurized liquid and gaseous oxygen environments), and dimensional stability shall be performed and shall conform to the requirements specified.


1.1 This specification is intended to be a means of calling out finished machined parts ready for aerospace use. Such parts may also find use in selected commercial applications where there are clear benefits derived from the use of parts with high molecular weight, good molecular weight retention during processing, dimensional stability, controlled crystallinity, and tightly controlled engineering tolerances.

1.2 This specification establishes requirements for parts machined from virgin, unplasticized, 100 % polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE) homopolymers.

1.3 This specification does not cover parts machined from PCTFE copolymers, PCTFE film or tape less than 0.25-mm (0.010-in.) thick, or modified PCTFE (containing pigments or plasticizers).

1.4 This specification does not allow parts containing recycled material.

1.5 The specification does not cover PCTFE parts intended for general use applications, in which control of dimensional stability, molecular weight, and crystallinity are not as important. For machined PCTFE parts intended for general use, use Specification D7211.

1.6 This specification classifies parts into three classes based upon intended uses and exposures: oxygen-containing media, reactive media, and inert media.

1.7 Application—PCTFE components covered by this specification are virgin, 100 % PCTFE resin, free of plasticizers and other additives. The components are combustion resistant in oxygen, dimensionally stable, and meet other specific physical characteristics appropriate for their end use. They are used in valves, regulators, and other devices in oxygen, air, helium, nitrogen, hydrogen, ammonia, and other aerospace media systems. The components typically are used as valve seats, o-rings, seals, and gaskets. They are removed and replaced during normal maintenance procedures. The components provide reliable sealing surfaces resulting in proper closure of valves and related devices and no leakage from the system into the environment. They will experience static mechanical loading, cyclic mechanical loading, temperatures ranging from cryogenic to 71°C (160°F), and pressures up to 68.9 MPa (10,000, psig) for oxygen and air media, and 103.4 MPa (15,000 psig) for inert media.

1.8 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values in parentheses are for information only.

1.9 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 13, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Note 1: There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard.

1.10 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

annealing; dimensional stability; finished parts; PCTFE; polychlorotrifluoroethylene;
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