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ASTM D6452-18

ASTM D6452-18

Standard Guide for Purging Methods for Wells Used for Ground Water Quality Investigations

2018-12-18 /Active
Significance and Use:

4.1 Purging is done for a variety of reasons and the purging method may depend on the hydrogeologic setting, condition of the well, or the contaminants of interest and well production rates. well hydrological conditions, condition of the well, or the contaminants of interest, and well production rates. This guide presents an approach for selecting an appropriate purging method if purging is to be performed., Water above the screened interval or open borehole may not accurately reflect ambient ground water chemistry.

Note 1: Some sampling methods, such as passive sampling, do not require the practice of purging prior to sample collection (1,2).3

4.2 There are various methods for purging. Each purging method may have a different volume of influence within the aquifer or screened interval. Therefore, a sample collected after purging by any one method is not necessarily equivalent to samples collected after purging by the other methods. The selection of the appropriate method will be dependent on several factors, which should be defined during the development of the sampling and analysis plan. This guide describes the methods available and defines the circumstances under which each method may be appropriate.


1.1 This guide covers methods for purging wells used for ground water quality investigations and monitoring programs. These methods could be used for other types of programs but are not addressed in this guide.

1.2 This guide applies only to wells sampled at the wellhead.

1.3 This standard describes seven methods (A-G) for the selection of purging methods.

Method A—Fixed Volume Purging,

Method B—Purging Based on Stabilization of Indicator Parameters,

Method C—Purging Based on Stabilization of Target Analytes,

Method D—Purging Based on Fixed Volume Combined with Indicator Parameter Stabilization,

Method E—Low Flow/Low Volume (Minimal Drawdown) Purging,

Method F—Well Evacuation Purging, and

Method G—Use of Packers in Purging.

1.4 This guide offers an organized collection of information or a series of options and does not recommend a specific course of action. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of this guide may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without consideration of a project's many unique aspects. The word “Standard” in the title of this guide means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

ground water; ground water sampling; indicator parameters; purging; water quality;
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