Standard Practice for Characterizing Fly Ash for Use in Soil Stabilization (Withdrawn 2021)
4.1 This practice is intended for use with fly ash that can be used separately or along with other stabilizing admixtures to improve soil properties.
4.2 The characterization of the physical and chemical properties of the fly ash shall assist in the evaluation of the fly ash for soil stabilization.
4.3 This practice is not intended to limit the flexibility of design in soil stabilization. The degree of success attained in soil stabilization is highly dependent on the particular combination of soil, fly ash, and other additives and the construction procedure used. Demonstrated sound engineering procedures that result in appropriate physical characteristics are acceptable. The selection of appropriate materials, applicable tests, acceptance criteria, and specification is the responsibility of the design engineer.
Note 1: The quality of the result produced by this standard is dependent on the competence of the personnel performing it, and the suitability of the equipment and facilities used. Agencies that meet the criteria of Practice D3740 are generally considered capable of competent and objective testing/sampling/inspection/etc. Users of this standard are cautioned that compliance with Practice D3740 does not in itself assure reliable results. Reliable results depend on many factors; Practice D3740 provides a means of evaluating some of those factors.
1.1 This practice covers procedures for characterizing fly ash to be used in soil stabilization. This practice lists representative test methods for determining the chemical, physical, and cementitious properties of fly ash. A broad guideline is provided in Appendix X1 that explains the significance of these properties in soil stabilization.
1.2 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D6026.
1.2.1 The method used to specify how data are collected, calculated, or recorded in this standard is not directly related to the accuracy to which the data can be applied in design or other uses, or both. How one applies the results obtained using this standard is beyond its scope.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.5 This practice offers a set of instructions for performing one or more specific operations. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of this practice may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without consideration of a project's many unique aspects. The word “Standard” in the title of this document means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process..
1.6 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard.
1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
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