Standard Test Method for Flow Consistency of Controlled Low Strength Material (CLSM)
5.1 This test method is intended to provide the user with a procedure to determine the fluidity of CLSM mixtures for use as backfill or structural fill.
5.2 This test method is considered applicable to fresh CLSM containing only sand as the aggregate or having coarse aggregate smaller than 19.0 mm [3/4 in.]. If the coarse aggregate is larger than 19.0 mm [3/4 in.], the test method is applicable when it is made on the fraction of CLSM passing a 19.0 mm [3/4 in.] sieve, with the larger aggregate being removed in accordance with the section on Additional Procedures for Large Maximum size Aggregate Concrete in Practice C172.
Note 1: Removing the coarse aggregate will alter the characteristics of the mix and therefore will give information only about the remaining material. It is suggested that for mixes containing coarse aggregate 19.0 mm [3/4 in.] or larger, a measurement of the slump by Test Method C143/C143M is more appropriate.
5.3 For non-flowable CLSM, or for mixtures that do not come out of the flow cylinder easily, measure the slump as outlined in Test Method C143/C143M.
5.4 This test method is one of a series of quality control tests that can be performed on CLSM during construction to monitor compliance with specification requirements. The other tests that can be used during construction control are Test Methods D4832, D6023, and D6024/D6024M.
Note 2: The quality of the result produced by this standard is dependent on the competence of the personnel performing it, and the suitability of the equipment and facilities used. Agencies that meet the criteria of Practice D3740 are generally considered capable of competent and objective testing/sampling/inspection/etc. Users of this standard are cautioned that compliance with Practice D3740 does not in itself assure reliable results. Reliable results depend on many factors; Practice D3740 provides a means of evaluating some of those factors.
1.1 This test method covers the procedure for determination of the flow consistency of fresh Controlled Low Strength Material (CLSM). This test method applies to flowable CLSM with a maximum particle size of 19.0 mm [3/4 in.] or less, or to the portion of CLSM that passes a 19.0 mm [3/4 in.] sieve.
1.2 The CLSM used to make the molded specimens shall be sampled after all on-site adjustments have been made to the mixture proportions, including the addition of mix water and any admixtures.
1.3 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D6026 unless superseded by this test method.
1.3.1 The method used to specify how data are collected, calculated, or recorded in this standard is not directly related to the accuracy to which the data can be applied in design or other uses, or both. How one applies the results obtained using this standard is beyond its scope.
1.4 Units—The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units (presented in brackets) are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.4.1 The gravitational system of inch-pound units is used when dealing with inch-pound units. In this system, the pound (lbf) represents a unit of force (weight) while the unit for mass is slugs. The rationalized slug unit is not given, unless dynamic (F=ma) calculations are involved.
1.4.2 It is common practice in the engineering/construction profession to concurrently use pounds to represent both a unit of mass (lbm) and of force (lbf). This implicitly combines two separate systems of units: that is, the absolute system and the gravitational system. It is scientifically undesirable to combine two separate sets of inch-pound units within a single standard. As stated, this standard includes the gravitational system of inch-pound units and does not use/present the slug unit for mass. However, the use of balances or scales recording pounds of mass (lbm) or recording in lbm/ft3 shall not be regarded as nonconformance with this standard.
1.5 CLSM is also known as flowable fill, controlled density fill, soil-cement slurry, soil-cement grout, unshrinkable fill, K-Krete, and other similar names.
1.6 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard.
1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
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