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Normas ASTM – AENOR
ASTM D7417-17

ASTM D7417-17

Standard Test Method for Analysis of In-Service Lubricants Using Particular Four-Part Integrated Tester (Atomic Emission Spectroscopy, Infrared Spectroscopy, Viscosity, and Laser Particle Counter)

Fecha:
2017-10-06 /Active
Significance and Use:

5.1 The integrated tester is primarily used to perform on-site analysis of in-service lubricants used in the automotive, highway trucking, mining, construction, off-road “mining,” marine, industrial, power generation, agriculture, and manufacturing industries.

5.2 The immediate results of analysis of in-service lubricants are critical when performing proactive and preventative maintenance. On-site oil analysis, when used in conjunction with these programs, allows continuous system monitoring and contamination control potentially improving equipment “up-time” and equipment life.

Scope:

1.1 This test method covers the quantitative analysis of in-service lubricants using an automatic testing device that integrates these varied technologies: atomic emission spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, viscosity, and particle counting.

1.2 This is suited for in-service lubricating oils having viscosities in the range between ISO 10 and ISO 320 and properties in the ranges given in Tables 1 and 2.

TABLE 1 Element Test Parameters Measured, Calculated, and Reported

Element

Low Range, mg/kg

High Range, mg/kg

Element

Low Range, mg/kg

High Range, mg/kg

Aluminum

5 to 100

NA

Molybdenum

10 to 1000

NA

Barium

25 to 150

150 to 2000

Nickel

5 to 100

NA

Boron

5 to 100

100 to 1000

Phosphorous

100 to 600

600 to 4000

Calcium

25 to 500

500 to 9000

Potassium

10 to 1000

1000 to 4000

Chromium

8 to 100

NA

Silicon

5 to 150

150 to 3000

Copper

5 to 500

500 to 1000

Sodium

10 to 1000

NA

Iron

6 to 1000

1000 to 3000

Tin

6 to 100

NA

Lead

6 to 150

NA

Titanium

8 to 100

NA

Magnesium

5 to 100

100 to 3000

Vanadium

7 to 100

NA

Manganese

5 to 100

NA

Zinc

8 to 100

100 to 4000

TABLE 2 Physical Properties Parameters Measured, Calculated, and Reported

Note 1: Review Test Method D4739 and D2896 for particular lubricating oil applications.

Physical Property

Range

Water,  % by mass

0.1 to 3

Glycol,  % by mass

0.1 to 2

Soot,  % by mass

0.1 to 4

Fuel Dilution,  % by mass

0.1 to 15

Oxidation, abs.

0.1 to 50

Nitration, abs.

0.1 to 35

Calculated Viscosity - IR

4 to 35 (100° cSt)

Viscosity 40 °C, cSt (optional)

30 to 320

Viscosity 100 °C, cSt (optional)

5 to 25

Viscosity Index

5 to 150

Base Number, mg/g KOH

1.0 to 17

1.3 This test method may be used to establish trends in wear and contamination of in-service lubricants and may not give equivalent numerical results to current ASTM test methods.

1.4 This test method is not intended for use with crude oil.

1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. (Specific hazard statements are given in Section 9 and 11.3.)

1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Keywords:
arc-spark emission spectrometry; baseline; check flush; contaminants; electrodes; infrared spectrometry; in-line dual temperature viscometer; in-service lubricants testing; integrated tester; kinematic viscosity; particle counter; standardization; test standard; wear metals;
43,71
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