Standard Test Method for Bench Oxidation of Engine Oils by ROBO Apparatus
5.1 This bench test method is intended to produce comparable oil aging characteristics to those obtained with ASTM TMC Sequence IIIGA matrix reference oils 434, 435 and 438 after aging in the Sequence IIIG engine test.
5.2 To the extent that the method generates aged oils comparable to those from the Sequence IIIG engine test, the measured increases in kinematic and MRV viscosity indicate the tendency of an oil to thicken because of volatilization and oxidation, as in the Sequence IIIG and IIIGA (see Appendix X1 in Test Method D7320) engine tests, respectively.
5.3 This bench test procedure has potential use in specifications and classifications of engine lubricating oils, such as Specification D4485.
1.1 This test method describes a bench procedure to simulate the oil aging encountered in Test Method D7320, the Sequence IIIG engine test method. These aged oils are then tested for kinematic viscosity and for low-temperature pumpability properties as described in the Sequence IIIGA engine test, Appendix X1 of Test Method D7320.
1.2 Units—The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.2.1 Exceptions—There are no SI equivalents for some apparatus in Section 6, and there are some figures where inch units are to be regarded as standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific warning statements are given in Sections 7 and 8.
1.4 This test method is arranged as follows:
Summary of Test Method
Significance and Use
Reagents and Materials
Reference Oil Testing and Test Stand Calibration
Calculations and Determination of Test Results
Precision and Bias
Reaction Vessel Head
Reaction Vessel-to-Head Seal
Agitator Turbine Blade
Agitator Packing Gland
Nitrogen Dioxide Graduated Tube
Vacuum System Plumbing
Vacuum Trap Condensers
Setting the Vacuum Control Valve
Sample Preparation and Addition
Charging the Liquid Nitrogen Dioxide
Nitrogen Dioxide Precision Needle Valve
Example of an Assembled ROBO Apparatus
Information Package to Aid Setting Up a New Robo Apparatus
1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
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