Standard Test Methods for Sheathed Thermocouples and Sheathed Thermocouple Cable
5.1 This standard provides a description of test methods used in other ASTM specifications to establish certain acceptable limits for characteristics of thermocouple assemblies and thermocouple cable. These test methods define how those characteristics shall be determined.
5.2 The usefulness and purpose of the included tests are given for the category of tests.
5.3 Warning—Users should be aware that certain characteristics of thermocouples might change with time and use. If a thermocouple’s designed shipping, storage, installation, or operating temperature has been exceeded, that thermocouple’s moisture seal may have been compromised and may no longer adequately prevent the deleterious intrusion of water vapor. Consequently, the thermocouple’s condition established by test at the time of manufacture may not apply later. In addition, inhomogeneities can develop in thermoelements because of exposure to higher temperatures, even in cases where maximum exposure temperatures have been lower than the suggested upper use temperature limits specified in Table 1 of Specification E608/E608M. For this reason, calibration of thermocouples destined for delivery to a customer is not recommended. Because the EMF indication of any thermocouple depends upon the condition of the thermoelements along their entire length, as well as the temperature profile pattern in the region of any inhomogeneity, the EMF output of a used thermocouple will be unique to its installation. Because temperature profiles in calibration equipment are unlikely to duplicate those of the installation, removal of a used thermocouple to a separate apparatus for calibration is not recommended. Instead, in situ calibration by comparison to a similar thermocouple known to be good is often recommended.
1.1 This document lists methods for testing Mineral-Insulated, Metal-Sheathed (MIMS) thermocouple assemblies and thermocouple cable, but does not require that any of these tests be performed nor does it state criteria for acceptance. The acceptance criteria are given in other ASTM standard specifications that impose this testing for those thermocouples and cable. Examples from ASTM thermocouple specifications for acceptance criteria are given for many of the tests. These tabulated values are not necessarily those that would be required to meet these tests, but are included as examples only.
1.2 These tests are intended to support quality control and to evaluate the suitability of sheathed thermocouple cable or assemblies for specific applications. Some alternative test methods to obtain the same information are given, since in a given situation, an alternative test method may be more practical. Service conditions are widely variable, so it is unlikely that all the tests described will be appropriate for a given thermocouple application. A brief statement is made following each test description to indicate when it might be used.
1.3 The tests described herein include test methods to measure the following properties of sheathed thermocouple material and assemblies.
1.3.1 Insulation Properties:
220.127.116.11 Compaction—direct method, absorption method, and tension method.
18.104.22.168 Resistance—at room temperature and at elevated temperature.
1.3.2 Sheath Properties:
22.214.171.124 Integrity—two water test methods and mass spectrometer.
126.96.36.199 Dimensions—length, diameter, and roundness.
188.8.131.52 Wall thickness.
184.108.40.206 Surface—gross visual, finish, defect detection by dye penetrant, and cold-lap detection by tension test.
220.127.116.11 Metallurgical structure.
18.104.22.168 Ductility—bend test and tension test.
1.3.3 Thermoelement Properties:
22.214.171.124 Thermoelement diameter, roundness, and surface appearance.
126.96.36.199 Thermoelement spacing.
188.8.131.52 Thermoelement ductility.
184.108.40.206 Metallurgical structure.
1.3.4 Thermocouple Assembly Properties:
220.127.116.11 Dimensions—length, diameter, and roundness.
18.104.22.168 Surface—gross visual, finish, reference junction end moisture seal, and defect detection by dye penetrant.
22.214.171.124 Electrical—continuity, loop resistance, and connector polarity.
126.96.36.199 Radiographic inspection.
188.8.131.52 Thermoelement diameter.
184.108.40.206 Thermal response time.
220.127.116.11 Thermal cycle.
1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
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