Standard Guide for Approximation of Optimum SO3 in Hydraulic Cement Using Compressive Strength
3.1 The purpose of this guide is to estimate the SO3 content for a hydraulic cement that gives maximum compressive strength in mortar made and cured at 23°C. The value obtained is one way to establish an appropriate level of sulfate in the manufacture of cements specified in Specifications C150, C595 and C1157.
3.2 The SO3 content of a cement giving maximum compressive strength is different at different ages of mortar; typically this SO3 content is higher at 3 days than the 24-h, and often higher for 7 days than that for 3 days. A manufacturer can choose the age of 24-h, 3 days or 7 days for specimens at which to determine optimum SO3 content.
3.3 This guide indicates optimum SO3 content for cement in mortar made and cured at a standard temperature of 23.0 ± 2.0°C (73.5 ± 3.5°F). The optimum SO3 increases with increasing temperature and may increase when water-reducing admixtures are used.
3.4 It should not be assumed that the optimum SO3 estimated in this guide is the same SO3 content for optimum performance of a concrete prepared from the cement.
3.5 The guide is applicable to cements specified in Specifications C150, C595, and C1157.
1.1 This guide describes the determination of approximate optimum SO3 for maximum compressive strength at 24 h, 3 days, or 7 days by measuring the change in strength produced in hydraulic cement mortar as a result of substituting calcium sulfate for a portion of the cement.
1.2 This guide refers to the sulfur trioxide (SO3) content of the cement only. Slag cements and occasionally other hydraulic cements can contain sulfide or other forms of sulfur. The determination of SO3 content by rapid methods may include these other forms, and may therefore produce a significant error. If a significant error occurs, analyze the cement for SO3 content using the reference test method of Test Methods C114 for sulfur trioxide.
1.3 Values stated as SI units are to be regarded as standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
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