Standard Guide for Selecting Test Methods for Geomembrane Seams
4.1 There are a large number of geomembrane types and seaming techniques. This guide is intended to help practitioners select the appropriate seam test methods for their material.
4.2 Geomembranes are relatively impermeable planar materials sheets that are shipped either as rolls or folded panels. The panels may be seamed in a factory or in the field. This guide provides geomembrane users with the most appropriate seam evaluation techniques for the most common geomembrane materials available on the market.
4.3 Some type of geomembrane may not be listed and some seam evaluation techniques may offer a good performance with a given material although this may not be indicated on Table 1. Users who are aware of this situation are invited to contact ASTM to propose an update of this guide.
Note 1: This type of test not commonly performed on this type of material, but it can be performed if desired.
Note 2: While Test Method D6392 was originally developed for non-reinforced geomembranes, it is standard practice for some manufacturers, fabricators, designers, and installers to use this method for reinforced products. However, a new standard test method is being worked on in D35.10 for seam evaluation of reinforced geomembranes, which shall be preferred to Test Method D6392 as soon as it is available.
Note 3: Only provides evaluation of seam continuity, but not seam strength.
Note 4: May not be applicable to very flexible geomembranes, especially thinner ones, that will highly deform into the vacuum box.
Note 5: There are some experiences with air lance on HDPE geomembrane seams for hole detection, although this is not common practice.
Note 6: Typically applicable to materials that are 1.0 mm and thinner.
Note 7: When applicable.
Note 8: Applicable to dual track seam only.
Note 9: Not applicable to extrusion fillet.
Note 10: Applicable to factory seams only.
Note 11: Refer to Guide D6747.
4.4 The relevance of a seaming technique within a particular engineering context is beyond the scope of this guide.
1.1 This guide is intended for use as a summary of test methods necessary to evaluate geomembrane seams. It is intended to guide geomembrane users toward the appropriate evaluation techniques to assess geomembrane seam quality.
1.2 Geomembrane seams covered by this guide are: high-density polyethylene (HDPE), linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE), very low-density polyethylene (VLDPE), flexible polypropylene (fPP), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), ethylene propylene diene terpolymer (EPDM), prefabricated bituminous geomembranes (PBGM), Ethylene Interpolymer Alloy (EIA) and reinforced geomembranes
1.3 Although a significant effort has been made to gather all types of geomembranes and related evaluation techniques which were on the market at the date of completion of this document, some available materials and technologies may have been omitted. The information presented in this document shall thus be considered to be non exhaustive.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
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