Standard Test Methods for Sampling, Testing, and Analysis of Asphalt Roll Roofing, Cap Sheets, and Shingles Used in Roofing and Waterproofing
4.1 These test methods include procedures for sampling, examination, physical testing, and analyses of asphalt roll roofing, cap sheets, and shingles used in roofing and waterproofing. Other components of these materials are allowed to include, but are not limited to, felts, mats, films, foils, mineral stabilizers, papers, and mineral surfacing.
4.2 These test methods include tests that are not required by every product standard that references Test Methods D228/D228M. The individual product standards are the authority for which tests are required for compliance. It is not prohibited to run tests in addition to those required in the product standards, but these test methods make no claim to their suitability or significance.
4.3 Five random samples are required from lots equal to or less than 1000 packages. The number of samples required for lots greater than 1000 packages is dependent on the variation in the unit mass within the lot and is determined by the two-step sampling plan in 7.4.
4.4 The results of a visual examination, physical testing, and compositional analysis are required for each sample. The analytical data are further used to compute the probable minimum and the probable range for the average mass of each of the components.
1.1 These test methods cover procedures for sampling, examination, physical testing, and analyses of asphalt-containing materials used in roofing and waterproofing. These materials include but are not limited to roll roofing, cap sheets, and shingles. Any of these materials are allowed to be partially or fully coated, surfaced, or laminated, or a combination thereof.
1.2 The test methods and procedures in this standard appear in the following order:
Types of Roofing
Mass and Area Determination
Selection of Representative Specimens
Mass Loss and Behavior on Heating
Fastener Pull-Through Resistance
Preparation and Selection of Small Test Specimens for Analyses
Analysis of Glass Felt Products
Analysis of Roofing Products with Organic Felts
Ash of Desaturated Felt
Adjusting Back Coating Fine Mineral Matter and Back Surfacing
Precision and Bias
1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
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