Standard Test Method for pH of Atmospheric Wet Deposition Samples by Electrometric Determination
5.1 The accurate measurement of pH in atmospheric wet deposition is an essential and critically important component in the monitoring of atmospheric wet deposition for trends in the acidity and overall air quality. Atmospheric wet deposition is, in general, a low ionic strength, unbuffered solution. Special precautions, as detailed in this test method, are necessary to ensure accurate pH measurements (1).3 Special emphasis must be placed on minimizing the effect of the residual liquid junction potential bias.
5.2 This test method is applicable only to the measurement of pH in atmospheric wet deposition. Its use in other applications may result in inaccuracies.
5.3 Fig. 1 provides a frequency distribution of precipitation pH values measured in conjunction with a national monitoring program within the United States. These data are an indication of the range of pH values common to atmospheric wet deposition.
1.1 This test method is applicable to the determination of pH in atmospheric wet deposition samples by electrometric measurement using either a pH half cell with a reference probe or a combination electrode as the sensor.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.4 Warning—Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous material that can cause serious medical issues. Mercury, or its vapor, has been demonstrated to be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Caution should be taken when handling mercury and mercury containing products. See the applicable product Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for additional information. Users should be aware that selling mercury or mercury-containing products into your state or country may be prohibited by law.
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