Standard Specification for Manufacture of Precast Reinforced Concrete Three-Sided Structures for Culverts and Storm Drains
This specification covers single-cell precast conventionally reinforced concrete three-sided structures intended to be used for the construction of culverts and for the conveyance of storm water. Precast reinforced concrete three-sided structures manufactured in accordance with this specification shall be designated by span, rise, and design earth cover. The reinforced concrete shall consist of cementitious materials, mineral aggregates and water, in which steel has been embedded in such a manner that the steel and concrete act together. The three-sided section's dimensions and reinforcement details shall be as required by design. Splices in the circumferential reinforcement shall be made by lapping. The precast reinforced concrete three-sided structures shall be produced with tongue and groove ends, flat butt ends or key-way ends. The aggregates shall be sized, graded, proportioned, and mixed with such proportions of cementitious materials and water as will produce a homogeneous concrete mixture of such quality that each section will conform to the test and design requirements. The three-sided sections shall be cured for a sufficient length of time so that the concrete will develop the required compressive strength. The forms used in manufacture shall be sufficiently rigid and accurate to maintain the three-sided section dimensions within the permissible variations. Handling devices or holes shall be permitted in each three-sided section for the purpose of handling and laying. Cylinders and cores shall be obtained and tested for compressive strength to meet the requirements prescribed.
1.1 This specification covers single-cell precast conventionally reinforced concrete three-sided structures intended to be used for the construction of culverts and for the conveyance of storm water.
1.2 A complete metric companion to Specification C1504 has been developed—C1504M; therefore, no metric equivalents are presented in this specification.
Note 1: This specification is primarily a manufacturing and purchasing specification. The successful performance of this product depends upon the proper selection of the geometric section, bedding, backfill, and care that the installation conforms to the construction specifications. The purchaser of the precast reinforced concrete three-sided structure specified herein is cautioned that proper correlation of the loading conditions and the field requirements with the geometric section specified and provisions for inspection at the construction site are required.
1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
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