Standard Test Method for Low-Level Analysis of Iodine Radioisotopes in Water
5.1 This test method was developed for measuring low levels of radioactive iodine in water. The results of the test may be used to determine if the concentration of several radioisotopes of iodine in the sample exceeds the regulatory statutes for drinking water. With a suitable counting technique, sample size, and counting time, a detection limit of less than 0.037 Bq/L (1 pCi/L) is attainable by gamma-ray spectroscopy. This method was tested for 131I . Other iodine radioisotopes should behave in an identical manner in this procedure. However, other iodine radioisotopes have not been tested according to Practice D2777. The user of this method is responsible for determining applicability, bias, and precision for the measurement of other iodine radioisotopes using this method.
5.2 This procedure addresses the analysis of iodine radioisotopes with half-lives greater than 2 hours, which include 121I, 123I, 124I, 125I, 126I, 129I, 130I, 131I, 132I, 133I, and 135I.
1.1 This test method covers the quantification of low levels of radioactive iodine in water by means of chemical separation and counting with a high-resolution gamma ray detector. Iodine is chemically separated from a 4-L water sample using ion exchange and solvent extraction and is then precipitated as cuprous iodide for counting.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are provided for information purposes only.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see 8.17, 8.18, 8.19, Section 9, and 13.2.11.
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