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ASTM A985/A985M-12a

ASTM A985/A985M-12a

Standard Specification for Steel Investment Castings General Requirements, for Pressure-Containing Parts

2013-06-10 /Historical
Superseeded by:

This specification covers a group of common requirements that are mandatory for steel castings produced by the investment casting process for pressure-containing parts. Master heats shall be made by the electric furnace process with or without separate refining such as argon-oxygen-decarburization (AOD), vacuum-oxygen degassing (VOD), vacuum-induction-melting (VIM). Ferritic and martensitic steel shall be cooled after pouring to provide complete transformation of austenite prior to heat treatment to enhance mechanical properties. Chemical, heat, and product analyses shall be performed and the chemical composition thus determined shall conform to the prescribed values in carbon, manganese, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur, nickel, chromium, molybdenum, vanadium, tungsten, copper, and aluminum. Tensile testing shall be done on the castings and shall meet the required yield and tensile strength, elongation, and reduction of area. Each casting shall also be tested after machining to hydrostatic shell pressure test and shall not show any leaks.


1.1 This specification covers a group of common requirements that are mandatory for steel castings produced by the investment casting process for pressure-containing parts under each of the following ASTM Specifications:

Title of Specification

ASTM Designation

Steel Castings, Carbon, Suitable for Fusion Welding,


for High-Temperature Service

Steel Castings, Martensitic Stainless and Alloy, for


Pressure-Containing Parts, Suitable for High-

Temperature Service

Castings, Austenitic, Austenitic-Ferritic (Duplex),


for Pressure-Containing Parts

Steel Castings, Ferritic and Martensitic, for Pressure-


Containing Parts, Suitable for Low-Temperature


Steel Castings, Alloy, Specially Heat-Treated, for


Pressure-Containing Parts, Suitable for High-

Temperature Service

Steel Castings Suitable for Pressure Service


Castings, Iron-Nickel-Chromium and Nickel Alloys, Specially Controlled for Pressure Retaining Parts for Corrosive Service


Castings, Austenitic-Ferritic (Duplex) Stainless Steel, for Pressure-Containing Parts


1.2 This specification also covers a group of supplementary requirements, which may be applied to the above specifications as indicated therein. These requirements are provided for use when additional testing or inspection is desired and apply only when specified individually by the purchaser in the order.

1.3 When investment casting is ordered, the requirements of this specification shall take precedence over the individual material specification requirements.

1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

casting; investment casting; master heat; pressure containing; steel casting; subheat
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