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ASTM D5579-12

ASTM D5579-12

Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Thermal Stability of Manual Transmission Lubricants in a Cyclic Durability Test

2013-03-13 /Historical
Superseeded by:
Significance and Use:

This test method is used to evaluate automotive manual transmission fluids for thermal instability, which results in deterioration of synchronizer performance.

This test method may also be utilized in other specifications and classifications of transmission and gear lubricants such as the following:

(final API designation of PG-1),

Military Specification MIL-L-2105,

SAE Information Report J308 Axle and Manual Transmission Lubricants, and

Mack Truck GO-H Gear Lubricant Specification.


1.1 This test method covers the thermal stability of fluids for use in heavy duty manual transmissions when operated at high temperatures.

1.2 The lubricant performance is measured by the number of shifting cycles that can be performed without failure of synchronization when the transmission is operated while continuously cycling between high and low range.

1.3 Correlation of test results with truck transmission service has not been established. However, the procedure has been shown to appropriately separate two transmission lubricants, which have shown satisfactory and unsatisfactory field performance in the trucks of one manufacturer.

1.4 Changes in this test method may be necessary due to refinements in the procedure, obsolescence of parts, or reagents, and so forth. These changes will be incorporated by Information Letters issued by the ASTM Test Monitoring Center (TMC). The test method will be revised to show the content of all the letters, as issued.

1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.5.1 ExceptionWhen materials, products, or equipment are available only in inch-pound units, SI units are omitted.

1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.7 This test method is arranged as follows:

Scope 1
Referenced Documents 2
Terminology 3
Summary of Test Method 4
Significance and Use 5
Apparatus 6
Test Transmission 6.2
Transmission Mounts 6.3
Oil-Circulating System 6.4
Oil Return Hole 6.5
Air Pressure Controls 6.6
Drive System 6.7
Instrumentation 6.8
Thermocouple Placement 6.9
Reagents and Materials 7
Safety 8
Preparation of Apparatus 9
Cleaning of Parts 9.1
Assembly 9.2
Calibration 10
Transmission and Test Stand Calibration 10.1
Reference Oils 10.2
Reference Oil Test Frequency 10.3
Instrumentation Calibration 10.4
Shift Time Calibration 10.5
Operating Procedure 11
System Flush and Charge 11.1
Test Operation 11.2
Shut-Down Procedure 11.3
Transmission Disassembly 11.4
Determination of Test Results 12
Failure Criteria 12.1
Shifter Fork Wear 12.2
Test Validity Determination 12.3
Report 14
Precision and Bias 15
Keywords 16
Test Validity Calculations and LimitsAnnex A1
HTCT Test Report Forms and Data DictionaryAnnex A2
Manual Transmission Cyclic Durability Test Parts Inspection and Wear MeasurementsAnnex A3

cyclic transmission test; forkwear; manual transmission lubricants; shifting synchronization; shift time; thermal stability; total cycle time; Calculating test values; Cyclic transmission test; Fork wear; Manual transmission lubricants; Performance--petroleum products/applications; Shifting synchronization; Shift time; Synchronizer performance; Thermal analysis (TA)--petroleum products; Thermal stability; Total cycle time; Transmission fluids; Validity
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