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Normas ASTM – AENOR
ASTM D5798-11

ASTM D5798-11

Standard Specification for Ethanol Fuel Blends for Flexible-Fuel Automotive Spark-Ignition Engines

Fecha:
2013-02-25 /Historical
Superseeded by:
Abstract:

This Ethanol Fuel Blends specification covers the requirements for automotive fuel blends of ethanol and gasoline for use in ground vehicles equipped with flexible-fuel spark-ignition engines. Fuel produced to this specification contains 51 to 83 volume % ethanol. Hydrocarbon blendstocks for meeting ethanol fuel blends performance requirements are unleaded gasoline, gasoline blendstocks for oxygenate blending (BOBs), natural gasoline or other hydrocarbons in the gasoline boiling range. This fuel is for use in flexible-fuel vehicles. Ethanol Fuel Blends shall conform to the performance requirements prescribed and be visually free of sediment and suspended matter. The ethanol, methanol, gum, inorganic chloride, water, and copper contents and vapor pressure, acidity, and pHe shall be tested to meet the requirements prescribed.

Scope:

1.1 This specification covers the requirements for automotive fuel blends of ethanol and gasoline for use in ground vehicles equipped with flexible-fuel spark-ignition engines. Fuel produced to this specification contains 51 to 83 volume % ethanol. This fuel is for use in flexible-fuel vehicles and is sometimes referred to at retail as Ethanol Flex-Fuel. Appendix X1 discusses the significance of the properties specified.

1.2 The vapor pressure of ethanol fuel blends is varied for seasonal climatic changes. Vapor pressure is increased at lower temperatures to ensure adequate flexible-fuel vehicle operability. Ethanol content and selection of hydrocarbon blendstock are adjusted by the blender to meet these vapor pressure requirements. Hydrocarbon blendstocks for meeting ethanol fuel blends performance requirements are unleaded gasoline, gasoline blendstocks for oxygenate blending (BOBs), natural gasoline or other hydrocarbons in the gasoline boiling range.

1.3 This specification formerly covered Fuel Ethanol (Ed70-Ed85) for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engines, also known commercially as E85. The nomenclature fuel ethanol has been changed to ethanol fuel blends to distinguish this product from denatured fuel ethanol Specification D4806. To facilitate blending of ethanol fuel blends that meet seasonal vapor pressure requirements, a new lower minimum ethanol content has been established.

1.4 The United States government has established various programs for alternative fuels. Many of the definitions of alternative fuel used by these programs may be more restrictive than the requirements of this specification. See 4.1.2.1 for additional information on alternative fuels containing ethanol.

1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

1.6 The following safety hazard caveat pertains only to the test method portion, 8.1.8, of this specification. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Keywords:
acidity; alcohol; automotive spark-ignition engine fuel; chloride; copper corrosion; E85; ether; ethanol fuel blends for flexible-fuel automotive spark-ignition engines; flexible-fuel; hydrocarbon; inorganic chloride; lead; MTBE; oxidation stability; oxygenates; pH<sub>e</sub>; phosphorus; solvent washed gum content; sulfur; vapor pressure; volatility; water: Automotive engine fuels/oils--specifications; Ethanol; Fuel ethanol (Ed70-Ed85); Petroleum products--specifications
51,05
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