Standard Practice for Ionization Gage Application to Space Simulators
This practice provides application criteria, definitions, and supplemental information to assist the user in obtaining meaningful vacuum ionization gage measurements in space-simulation facilities. Acceptable vacuum-measuring equipment shall consist of those items in which performance is compatible with obtaining meaningful measurements. The gage mounting, gage orientation, gage operational error, and gage correction for gas composition are presented in details. The gas composition determination, operating criteria, heavy molecular weight contamination effects, apparent X-ray limit for hot-cathode gages, and cold cathode gages are presented in details.
1.1 This practice provides application criteria, definitions, and supplemental information to assist the user in obtaining meaningful vacuum ionization gage measurements below 10−1 N/m2 (10−3 torr) in space-simulation facilities. Since a variety of influences can alter observed vacuum measurements, means of identifying and assessing potential problem areas receive considerable attention. This practice must be considered informational, for it is impossible to specify a means of applying the vacuum-measuring equipment to guarantee accuracy of the observed vacuum measurement. Therefore, the user's judgment is essential so that if a problem area is identified, suitable steps can be taken to either minimize the effect, correct the observed readings as appropriate, or note the possible error in the observation.
1.2 While much of the discussion is concerned with the application of hot-cathode ionization gages, no exclusion is made of cold-cathode designs. Since a great deal more experience with hot-cathode gages is available and hot-cathode devices are used in the majority of applications, the present emphasis is fully warranted.
1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The metric equivalents of inch-pound units may be approximate.
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