Standard Specification for Concrete Made by Volumetric Batching and Continuous Mixing
This specification covers concrete made by volumetric batching and continuous mixing. Requirements for quality of concrete shall be either as hereinafter specified or as specified by the purchaser. When the requirements of the purchaser differ from this specification, the purchaser's specification shall govern. This specification does not cover the placement, consolidation, finishing, curing, or protection of the concrete after delivery to the purchaser. Tests and criteria for batching accuracy and mixing efficiency are specified herein. Materials such as cement, aggregates, water, ground granulated blast-furnace slag, air-entraining admixtures, and chemical admixtures shall conform to the requirements covered in this specification. The material shall be subjected to the following test methods: compression test specimens; compression tests; yield; unit weight; air content; slump; and temperature.
A1.2.1 These tests and requirements are used to evaluate loading and operating procedures; verify the accuracy of proportioning and indicating systems; and determine if mixing uniformity has been degraded by excessive wear or by accumulations of hardened concrete, or both (Note A1.1).
Note A1.1—The method of loading the batching-mixing unit, proper maintenance, and other factors may have an effect on the ability of the unit to produce uniformly mixed concrete. For this reason, the use of this test method not only measures the efficiency of the mixer, but also the combined effect of the method of loading and operating the unit.
A1.2.2 This annex provides additional procedures and cautions that are necessary in the application of existing test methods and practices when used to determine the uniformity of freshly mixed concrete.
1.1 This specification covers concrete made from materials continuously batched by volume, mixed in a continuous mixer, and delivered to the purchaser in a freshly mixed and unhardened state as hereinafter specified. Requirements for quality of concrete shall be either as hereinafter specified or as specified by the purchaser. When the requirements of the purchaser differ from this specification, the purchaser's specification shall govern. This specification does not cover the placement, consolidation, finishing, curing, or protection of the concrete after delivery to the purchaser. Tests and criteria for batching accuracy and mixing efficiency are specified herein.
1.2 The values stated in either SI units, shown in brackets, or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard.
1.3 This specification references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of this specification.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. (Warning—Fresh hydraulic cementitious mixtures are caustic and may cause chemical burns to skin and tissue upon prolonged use. )
A1.1.1 This annex includes test procedures and uniformity requirements for use in the evaluation of concrete produced in conformance with Specification C685/C685M by an individual batching-mixing unit, loaded to rated capacity.
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