Standard Guide for Surveys to Document and Assess Oiling Conditions on Shorelines
Systematic surveys provide data on shoreline character and oiling conditions from which informed planning and operational decisions may be developed with respect to shoreline cleanup (1-3).
Surveys may include one or more of three components, listed below. The scale of the affected area and the availability of pre-spill information will influence the selection of survey components and the level of detail.
The aerial reconnaissance survey provides a perspective on the overall extent and general nature of the shoreline oiling conditions. This information is used in conjunction with environmental, resource, and cultural sensitivity data to guide shoreline protection, recovery of mobile oil, and to facilitate the more detailed response planning and priorities of the response operations.
The aerial video survey(s) provide systematic audio and video documentation of the extent and type of shoreline oiling conditions, physical shoreline character, and potential access restrictions.
The ground assessment survey(s) provide the necessary information and data to develop appropriate shoreline response recommendations. A field team(s) collects detailed information on shoreline oil conditions, the physical and ecological character of oiled shorelines, and resources or cultural features that may affect or be affected by the timing or implementation of response activities.
In order to ensure data consistency it is important to use standardized terminology and definitions in describing oiling conditions, as provided in Guide F1687.
1.1 This guide covers field procedures by which data may be collected in a systematic manner to document and assess the oiling conditions on shorelines.
1.2 This guide does not address the terminology that is used to define and describe shoreline oiling conditions, the ecological character of oiled shorelines, or the cultural or other resources that may be present.
1.3 The guide is applicable to marine coasts (including estuaries) and may also be used in freshwater environments (rivers and lakes).
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
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