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ASTM D4829-08

ASTM D4829-08

Standard Test Method for Expansion Index of Soils

2010-12-31 /Historical
Superseeded by:
Significance and Use:

The expansion index, EI, provides an indication of swelling potential of a compacted soil.

The EI test is not used to duplicate any particular field conditions such as soil density, water content, loading, in-place soil structure, or soil water chemistry. However, consistent test conditions are used in preparation of compacted specimens such that direct correlation of data can be made between organizations.

Note 1—Qualitative classification of potential expansion in a soil based on EI is provided in Table 1.

Note 2—Notwithstanding the statements on precision and bias contained in this test method: The precision of this test method is dependent on the competence of the personnel performing it and the suitability of the equipment and facilities used. Agencies which meet the criteria of Practice D 3740 are generally considered capable of competent testing. Users of this test method are cautioned that compliance with Practice D 3740 does not ensure reliable testing. Reliable testing depends on several factors; Practice D 3740 provides a means of evaluating some of those factors.


1.1 This test method allows for determination of expansion potential of compacted soils when inundated with distilled water.

1.2 This test method provides a simple yet sensitive method for determination of expansion potential of compacted soils for practical engineering applications using an index parameter.

1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values stated in inch-pound units are approximate.

1.4 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D 6026.

1.4.1 The method used to specify how data are collected, calculated, or recorded in this standard is not directly related to the accuracy to which the data can be applied in design or other uses, or both. How one applies the results obtained using this standard is beyond its scope.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

clays; expansive soils; index tests; laboratory tests; soil moisture; swelling soils; Compaction measurement--soils; Dimensional change; Distilled water; Expansion index (EI); Saturation; Soil; Specimen preparation (for testing)--soil; Thickness; Water content--soil
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