Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Concrete Cylinders Cast in Place in Cylindrical Molds
This test method covers the determination of strength of cylindrical concrete specimens that have been molded and cured in place using special molds attached to formwork for slabs. A concrete cylinder mold assembly consisting of a mold and a tubular support member is fastened within the concrete formwork prior to placement of the concrete. The elevation of the mold upper edge is adjusted to correspond to the plane of the finished slab surface. The mold support prevents direct contact of the slab concrete with the outside of the mold and permits its easy removal from the hardened concrete. Strength of cast-in-place cylinders may be used for various purposes, such as estimating the load-bearing capacity of slabs, determining the time of form and shore removal, and determining the effectiveness of curing and protection. Consolidation of concrete in the mold may be varied to simulate the conditions of placement. Internal vibration of concrete in the mold is prohibited except under special circumstances. A strength correction factor is required if the length-diameter ratio is less than 1.75.
Cast-in-place cylinder strength relates to the strength of concrete in the structure due to the similarity of curing conditions since the cylinder is cured within the slab. However, due to differences in moisture condition, degree of consolidation, specimen size, and length-diameter ratio, there is not a constant relationship between the strength of cast-in-place cylinders and cores. When cores can be drilled undamaged and tested in the same moisture condition as the cast-in-place cylinders, the strength of the cylinders can be expected to be on average 10 % higher than the cores at ages up to 91 days for specimens of the same size and length-diameter ratio.
Strength of cast-in-place cylinders may be used for various purposes, such as estimating the load-bearing capacity of slabs, determining the time of form and shore removal, and determining the effectiveness of curing and protection.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of strength of cylindrical concrete specimens that have been molded in place using special molds attached to formwork. This test method is limited to use in slabs where the depth of concrete is from 5 to 12 in. [125 to 300 mm].
1.2 The values stated in either inch-pounds or SI units shall be regarded separately as standard. SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated may not be exact equivalents, therefore each system must be used independently of the other. Combining values of the two units may result in nonconformance.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to consult and establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. (Warning—Fresh hydraulic cementitious mixtures are caustic and may cause chemical burns to skin and tissue upon prolonged exposure. )
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