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ASTM D6198-07

ASTM D6198-07

Standard Guide for Transport Packaging Design

2012-11-12 /Historical
Superseeded by:
Significance and Use:

This guide assists users in design and development of packaging intended for the protection of goods while they are in transit from point of origin to final destination. By following all steps of this guide, users will be assured that the most important factors are included in package design. In some cases, the sequence of steps may be changed, and often the steps may occur simultaneously with concurrent work activities.

The design process focuses on protection from hazards of handling, storage, and shipping while recognizing the economics of all other facets of distribution, including packaging materials and labor, and transportation.

In transport packaging, distribution is generally defined as inclusion of handling, storage, and transportation factors.


1.1 This guide covers an approach to design of packaging for distributing goods through the hazards of handling, storage, and transportation.

1.2 The principal content of this guide is the identification of the key steps involved in development of transport packages, including shipping containers, interior protective packaging, and unit loads. It is recognized that actual usage and application to individual design projects may vary appreciably without diminishing the value of the process. Consult with a packaging professional whenever needed.

1.3 This guide is not intended for design of primary packaging unless the primary package is planned for use as a shipping container.

1.4 The user of this guide must be aware of the carrier rules regarding packaging for shipment via each mode of transportation in which the transport package may move, such as the National Motor Freight Classification (less-than truckload) and the Uniform Freight Classification (railroad). For hazardous materials packaging, the packaging must perform to the requirements of the applicable modal regulations listed in Section 2.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

compression; distribution environment; handling; impact; interior protective packaging; performance test; shipping container; shock; transport package; unit load; vibration
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