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Normas ASTM – AENOR
ASTM D5622-95(2005)

ASTM D5622-95(2005)

Standard Test Methods for Determination of Total Oxygen in Gasoline and Methanol Fuels by Reductive Pyrolysis

Fecha:
2011-08-17 /Historical
Superseeded by:
Significance and Use:

These test methods cover the determination of total oxygen in gasoline and methanol fuels, and they complement Test Method D 4815, which covers the determination of several specific oxygen-containing compounds in gasoline.

The presence of oxygen-containing compounds in gasoline can promote more complete combustion, which reduces carbon monoxide emissions. The Clean Air Act (1992) requires that gasoline sold within certain, specified geographical areas contain a minimum percent of oxygen by mass (presently 2.7 mass %) during certain portions of the year. The requirement can be met by blending compounds such as methyl tertiary butyl ether, ethyl tertiary butyl ether, and ethanol into the gasoline. These test methods cover the quantitative determination of total oxygen which is the regulated parameter.

Scope:

1.1 These test methods cover the quantitative determination of total oxygen in gasoline and methanol fuels by reductive pyrolysis.

1.2 Precision data are provided for 1.0 to 5.0 mass % oxygen in gasoline and for 40 to 50 mass % oxygen in methanol fuels.

1.3 Several types of instruments can be satisfactory for these test methods. Instruments can differ in the way that the oxygen-containing species is detected and quantitated. However, these test methods are similar in that the fuel is pyrolyzed in a carbon-rich environment.

1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Keywords:
carbon dioxide; carbon monoxide; di-isopropyl ether; ethanol; ethyl <i>tert</i>-butyl ether; isobutanol; isopropanol; methanol; methyl <i>tert</i>-butyl ether; <i>n</i>-butanol; <i>n</i>-propanol; oxygen; reductive pyrolysis; <i>sec</i>-butanol; <i>tert</i>-butanol; <i>tert</i>-amyl methyl ether
51,16
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