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Normas ASTM – AENOR
ASTM E2071-00(2005)

ASTM E2071-00(2005)

Standard Practice for Calculating Heat of Vaporization or Sublimation from Vapor Pressure Data

Fecha:
2010-12-31 /Historical
Superseeded by:
Abstract:

This practice describes the calculation of the heat of vaporization of a liquid or the heat of sublimation of a solid from measured vapor pressure data. It is applicable to pure liquids, azeotropes, pure solids, and homogenous solid solutions over the temperature range for which the vapor pressure equation fitted to the measured data is applicable. Vapor pressure data shall be measured in accordance to the test methods and shall be correlated with the Antoine equation. The heat of vaporization or sublimation is computed at the desired temperature from the vapor-pressure temperature derivative from the fitted Antoine equation by use of the Clapeyron equation.

Scope:

1.1 This practice describes the calculation of the heat of vaporization of a liquid or the heat of sublimation of a solid from measured vapor pressure data. It is applicable to pure liquids, azeotropes, pure solids, and homogenous solid solutions over the temperature range for which the vapor pressure equation fitted to the measured data is applicable.

Note 1

This practice is generally not applicable to liquid mixtures. For a pure liquid or azeotrope, composition does not change upon vaporization so that the integral heat of vaporization is identical to the differential heat of vaporization. Non-azeotropic liquid mixtures change composition upon vaporizing. Heat of vaporization data computed from this practice for a liquid mixture are valid only as an approximation to the mixture differential heat of vaporization; it is not a valid approximation to the mixture integral heat of vaporization.

1.2 SI values are standard.

This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.3 There is no ISO standard equivalent to this practice.

Keywords:
Antoine equation; Clausius-Clapeyron equation; enthalpy of sublimation; enthalpy of vaporization; Haggenmacher equation; heat of sublimation; heat of vaporization; vapor pressure
44,87
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