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ASTM E291-04

ASTM E291-04

Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Caustic Soda and Caustic Potash (Sodium Hydroxide and Potassium Hydroxide)

2010-12-31 /Historical
Superseeded by:
Significance and Use:

Caustic soda and caustic potash are used in a large number of manufacturing processes. The chemicals are available in several grades depending on their intended use. The test methods listed in 1.2 provide procedures for analyzing caustic soda and caustic potash to determine if they are suitable for their intended use.


1.1 These test methods cover only the analyses usually required on the following commercial products:

1.1.1 Caustic soda (sodium hydroxide), 50 and 73 % liquors; anhydrous (solid, flake, ground, or powdered), and

1.1.2 Caustic potash (potassium hydroxide), 45 % liquor; anhydrous (solid, flake, ground, or powdered).

1.2 The analytical procedures appear in the following order:

Alkalinity (Total), Titrimetric (for 50 to 100 %NaOH and 45 to 100 % KOH)8 to 14
Carbonate, Gas-Volumetric (0.001 g CO 2, min)15 to 24
Carbonate, Gravimetric (0.001 g CO 2, min)25 to 33
Chloride, Titrimetric, (0.001 g Cl , min)34 to 40
Chloride, Potentiometric Titration (0.3 to 1.2 %)41 to 47
Chloride, Ion Selective Electrode (0.6 to 120 ppm)48 to 55
Iron, Photometric (0.005 mg Fe, min)56 to 64
Sulfate, Gravimetric, (0.002 g SO 3, min)65 to 71

1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values in parentheses are provided for information only.

1.4 Review the current Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for detailed information concerning toxicity, first-aid procedures, handling, and safety precautions.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazard statements are given in Section 6.

caustic soda; caustic potash; chloride; iron; potassium carbonate; potassium hydroxide; sodium carbonate; sodium hydroxide; sulfate; total alkalinity
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