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ASTM A697/A697M-03

ASTM A697/A697M-03

Standard Test Method for Alternating Current Magnetic Properties of Laminated Core Specimen Using Voltmeter-Ammeter-Wattmeter Methods

2010-12-31 /Historical
Superseeded by:
Significance and Use:

This test method was developed for evaluating the ac magnetic properties of laminated cores made from flat-rolled magnetic materials.

The reproducibility and repeatability of this test method are such that this test method is suitable for design, specification acceptance, service evaluation, and research and development.


1.1 This test method covers the determination of several ac magnetic properties of laminated cores made from flat-rolled magnetic materials.

1.2 This test method covers test equipment and procedures for the determination of impedance permeability and exciting power from voltage and current measurements, and core loss from wattmeter measurements. These tests are made under conditions of sinusoidal flux.

1.3 This test method covers tests for two general categories (1 and 2) of cores based on size and application.

1.4 Tests are provided for power and control size cores (Category 1) operating at inductions of 10 to 15 kG [1.0 to T] and at frequencies of 50, 60, and 400 Hz.

1.5 Procedures and tests are provided for coupling and matching type transformer cores (Category 2) over the range of inductions from 100 G [0.01 T] or lower to 10 kG [1.0 T] and above at 50 to 60 Hz or above when covered by suitable procurement specifications.

1.6 This test method also covers tests for core loss and ac impedance permeability under incremental test conditions (ac magnetization superimposed on dc magnetization) for the above core types and at inductions up to those that cause the ac exciting current to become excessively distorted or reach values that exceed the limits of the individual test equipment components.

1.7 This test method shall be used in conjunction with Practice A 34/A 34M and Terminology A 340. It depends upon these designated documents and a related reference test manual for detailed information which will not be repeated in this test method.

1.8 The values and equations stated in customary (cgs-emu and inch-pound) or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within this standard, SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with this standard.

1.9 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

alternating-current; core; core loss; flat-rolled; induction; laminated core; lamination; magnetic; magnetic material; magnetic test; permeability; transformer
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