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Normas ASTM – AENOR
ASTM E2046-99

ASTM E2046-99

Standard Test Method for Reaction Induction Time by Thermal Analysis

Fecha:
2017-08-16 /Historical
Superseeded by:
Scope:

1.1 This test method describes the measurement of Reaction Induction Time (RIT) of chemical materials that undergo exothermic reactions with an induction period. The techniques and apparatus described may be used for solids, liquids, or slurries of chemical substances. The temperature range covered by this test method is typically from ambient to 400C. This range may be extended depending upon the apparatus used.

1.2 The RIT is a relative index value, not an absolute thermodynamic property. As an index value, the RIT value may change depending upon experimental conditions. A comparison of RIT values may be made only for materials tested under similar conditions of apparatus, specimen size, and so forth. Furthermore, the RIT value may not predict behavior of large quantities of material.

1.3 The RIT shall not be used by itself to establish a safe operating temperature. It may be used in conjunction with other test methods (for example, E 487, E 537, and E 1981 as part of a hazard analysis of a particular operation.

1.4 This test method may be used for RIT values greater than 15 min (as relative imprecision increases at shorter periods).

1.5 This test method is used to study catalytic and autocatalytic reactions. These reactions depend upon time as well as temperature. Such reactions are often studied by fixing one experimental parameter (that is, time or temperature) and then measuring the other parameter (that is, temperature or time). This test method measures time to reaction onset detection under isothermal conditions. It is related to Test Method E 487 that measures detected reaction onset temperature under constant time conditions

1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to consult and establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Keywords:
diferential scanning calorimetry (DSC); differential thermal analysis (DTA); hazard potential; reaction induction time (RIT); reactions, thermal; thermal analysis (TA); thermal stability
44,17
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