Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils in the CRC L-38 Spark-Ignition Engine
1.1 This engine oil test method covers the evaluation of automotive engine oils (SAE grades 5W 10W, 20, 30, 40, and 50, and multiviscosity grades) intended for use in either spark-ignition gasoline engines, or in diesel engines. The test procedure is conducted using a carbureted, spark-ignition Cooperative Lubrication Research (CLR) Oil Test Engine (referred to as the L-38 engine in this test method). An oil is evaluated for protection against engine and oil deterioration under high-temperature, heavy-duty service conditions. The test method can also be used to evaluate the viscosity stability of multiviscosity-graded oils.
1.2 The two measures of engine deterioration used in this test method are (1) weight loss of copper-lead bearings used in the test power section, and (2) varnish and sludge deposits on power section parts.
1.3 The two measures of oil deterioration used in this test method are (1) the change in the acid number of the oil, and (2) the change in the viscosity of the oil during the test period.
1.4 Correlation of test results with those obtained in automotive service has not been established. Furthermore, the results obtained in this test method are not necessarily indicative of results that will be obtained in a full-scale automotive spark-ignition or compression-ignition engine, or in an engine operated under conditions different from those of the test method. The test can be used to compare one oil with another.
Note 1--Companion test methods used to evaluate engine oil performance for specification requirements include the following current versions of single-cylinder and multicylinder engine tests:
ASTM STP 509A, Single Cylinder Engine Tests for Evaluating the Performance of Crankcase Lubricants Part I, Caterpillar 1G2 Test Method Part II, Caterpillar 1H2 Test Method ASTM STP 315H, Multicylinder Test Sequences for Evaluating Engine Oils Part 1, Sequence IID Part 2, Sequence IIID Part 3, Sequence V-D ASTM Research Report RR:D2-1225 Sequence IIIE, Multicylinder Test Sequence for Evaluating Automotive Engine OilsASTM D02 Proposal P212, Proposed Test Method for VE Test Procedure Also, see Engine Oil Tests-SAE J304 for details on these and other engine oil test methods.
1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard; except for the case of bearing weight measurements, for which the unit is milligram; and except for viscosity measurements, for which the temperatures of measurement are expressed in oC (degrees Celsius). SI values are given in parentheses. In cases where materials, products, or equipment are available only in inch-pound units, SI units are omitted.
1.6This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.See Note 2.
1.6 This test method is arranged as follows:
Formato físico y digital
Nota: Precios sin IVA ni gastos de envío
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