Standard Test Methods for Constant-Temperature Stability of Chemical Materials
5.1 These test methods are useful adjunct to dynamic thermal tests that are performed under conditions in which the sample temperature is increased continuously at a programmed rate. Results obtained under dynamic test conditions present difficulties in determining the temperature at which an exotherm initiates because onset temperature is dependent on heating rate. These test methods describe in the present standard attempts to determine the onset temperature under isothermal conditions where the heating rate is zero.
1.1 These test methods describe the assessment of constant-temperature stability (CTS) of chemical materials that undergo exothermic reactions. The techniques and apparatus described may be used on solids, liquids, or slurries of chemical substances.
1.2 When a series of materials is tested by these test methods, the results permit ordering the materials relative to each other with respect to their thermal stability.
1.3 Limitations of Test:
1.3.1 These test methods are limited to ambient temperatures and above.
1.3.2 These test methods determine neither a safe storage temperature nor a safe processing temperature.
Note 1: A safe storage or processing temperature requires that any heat produced by a reaction be removed as fast as generated and that proper consideration be given to hazards associated with reaction products.
1.3.3 When these test methods are used to order the relative thermal stability of materials, the tests must be run under the same confinement condition (see 8.3).
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.5 This standard should be used to measure and describe the properties of materials, products, or assemblies in response to heat and flame under controlled laboratory conditions and should not be used to describe or appraise the fire hazard or fire risk of materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions. However, results of this test may be used as elements of a fire risk assessment which takes into account all of the factors which are pertinent to an assessment of the fire hazard of a particular end use.
1.6 This standard may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
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