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Normas ASTM – AENOR
ASTM D228/D228M-19a

ASTM D228/D228M-19a

Standard Test Methods for Sampling, Testing, and Analysis of Asphalt Roll Roofing, Cap Sheets, and Shingles Used in Roofing and Waterproofing

Fecha:
2019-12-04 /Active
Significance and Use:

4.1 These test methods include procedures for sampling, examination, physical testing, and analyses of asphalt roll roofing, cap sheets, and shingles used in roofing and waterproofing. Other components of these materials are allowed to include, but are not limited to, felts, mats, films, foils, mineral stabilizers, papers, and mineral surfacing.

4.2 These test methods include tests that are not required by every product standard that references Test Methods D228/D228M. The individual product standards are the authority for which tests are required for compliance. It is not prohibited to run tests in addition to those required in the product standards, but these test methods make no claim to their suitability or significance.

4.3 A minimum of five random samples are required from lots equal to or less than 1000 packages. See Section 7 for sampling details.

4.4 The results of a visual examination, physical testing, and compositional analysis are required for each sample. The analytical data are further used to compute the probable minimum and the probable range for the average mass of each of the components.

Scope:

1.1 These test methods cover procedures for sampling, examination, physical testing, and analyses of asphalt-containing materials used in roofing and waterproofing. These materials include but are not limited to roll roofing, cap sheets, and shingles. Any of these materials are allowed to be partially or fully coated, surfaced, or laminated, or a combination thereof.

1.2 The test methods and procedures in this standard appear in the following order:

Section

Content

 

 

6

Types of Roofing

7

Sampling

8

Mass and Area Determination

9

Selection of Representative Specimens

10

Moisture

11

Pliability

12

Mass Loss and Behavior on Heating

13

Tear Strength

14

Fastener Pull-Through Resistance

15

Preparation and Selection of Small Test Specimens
for Analyses

16

Analysis of Glass Felt Products

17

Analysis of Roofing Products with Organic Felts

18

Ash of Desaturated Felt

19

Calculation

20

Adjusting Back Coating Fine Mineral Matter and
Back Surfacing

21

Report

22

Precision and Bias

1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard.

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Keywords:
analysis; asphalt; cap sheets; composition; physical testing; roll roofing; sampling; shingles;
47,67
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