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ASTM B543/B543M-18

ASTM B543/B543M-18

Standard Specification for Welded Copper and Copper-Alloy Heat Exchanger Tube

2018-10-29 /Active

This specification covers welded tube of specific copper and various copper alloys of a limited range of diameters, for use in surface condensers, evaporators, heat exchangers, and general engineering applications. The product shall be manufactured by forming the material into a tubular shape on a suitable forming mill. Welding of tube shall be accomplished by forge-welding, fusion-welding, or full finishing that produces a forge weld leaving no crevice in the weld seam visible to the unaided eye. The tube shall conform to tensile strength and yield strength requirements, and shall be subject to expansion, flattening, and reverse bend tests. Mercurous nitrate or ammonia vapor tests shall be required only for selected UNS Numbers of Copper Alloys. Each tube shall be subjected to eddy-current, hydrostatic, and pneumatic tests.

Significance and Use:

20.1 For purposes of determining compliance with the specified limits for requirements of the properties listed in the following table, an observed value or a calculated value shall be rounded as indicated in accordance with the rounding method of Practice E29.


Rounded Unit for Observed or
Calculated Value



Chemical composition

nearest unit in the last righthand place
 of figures

Tensile strength and yield strength

nearest ksi (Nearest 5 MPa)

Grain size: Up to 0.055 mm, incl,
Over 0.055 mm

nearest multiple of 0.005 mm
to the nearst 0.010 mm


Nearest 1 %


1.1 This specification establishes the requirements for welded tube of copper and various copper alloys up to 31/8 in., inclusive, in diameter, for use in surface condensers, evaporators, heat exchangers, and general engineering applications. The following coppers or copper alloys are involved:2

Copper or
Copper Alloy UNS No.2

Previously Used

Type of Metal



oxygen-free, low phosphorus



DHP phosphorized, high
residual phosphorus



copper-iron alloy



red brass



arsenical admiralty



antimonial admiralty



phosphorized admiralty



arsenical aluminum brass



95-5 copper-nickel



90-10 copper-nickel



90-10 copper-nickel (Modified
for Welding)



80-20 copper-nickel



70-30 copper-nickel



70-30 copper-nickel (Modified
for Welding)







1.2 The values stated in either inch-pound or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

(Warning—Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous substance that can cause serious medical issues. Mercury, or its vapor, has been demonstrated to be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Use caution when handling mercury and mercury-containing products. See the applicable product Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for additional information. The potential exists that selling mercury or mercury-containing products, or both, is prohibited by local or national law. Users must determine legality of sales in their location.

1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

condenser; copper; copper alloy; copper nickel; evaporator; heat exchanger; welded tube; UNS No. C10800; UNS No. C12200; UNS No. C19400; UNS No. C23000; UNS No. C44300; UNS No. C44400; UNS No. C44500; UNS No. C68700; UNS No. C70400; UNS No. C70600; UNS No. C70620; UNS No. C71000; UNS No. C71500; UNS No. C71520; UNS No. C71640; UNS No. C72200;
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